Instructions to Authors
American Journal of Medical and Natural Sciences (AJMNS) is an international, peer reviewed, open access journal currently publishing three issues per year.
AJMNS publishes innovative/original research works that significantly contribute for the development of different fields in medical and natural sciences.
AJMNSwelcomes submission of abstracts and manuscripts frommultidisciplinary fields of medical and natural sciences. AJMNS publishes the Original Research articles, Reviews on current topics, Short-Communications, Letter to the Editor, Case Reports, Image challenges, Clinical Vignettes in Medical Sciences includes Anesthesiology, Cardiology, Pulmonary & Critical care medicine, Dentistry, Dermatology, Emergency medicine, Endocrinology, Epidemiology, Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Family medicine, Geriatrics, Obstetrics, Gynecology, Hematology, Oncology, Infectious disease, Internal medicine, Neurology, Nephrology, Obstetrics, Ophthalmology, Optometry, Orthopedics, Otorhinolaryngology, Pathology, Pain Medicine, Pediatrics, Preventive medicine, Psychiatry, Radiology, Radiation oncology, Sports medicine, Rheumatology, Surgery, Urology and Natural Sciences which include Agricultural Sciences, Biology (Botany and Zoology), Biotechnology, Biochemistry, Biophysics, Chemistry, Earth Sciences, Forensic Science, Genetic Engineering, Immunology, Microbiology, Mathematics, Pharmacy, Physics and Statistics.
The manuscripts submitted to the AJMNS firstly screened by the Editorial Board as they fulfill the requirements of the journal and then subjected to double blind peer-review whereby the reviewers of the paper won’t get to know the identity of the author(s), and the author(s) won’t get to know the identity of the reviewer. After the review, manuscripts will be returned for revision along with reviewer’s and/or editor’s comments. The authors have to revise manuscript by giving reply to reviewer’s and/or editor’s comments. The acceptance of articles is completely depends on originality/novelty of the work. It is not guarantee, that all submitted works will be publish in AJMNS.
Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship.
Each contributor should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content of the manuscript. The order of naming the contributors should be based on the relative contribution of the contributor towards the study and writing the manuscript. Once submitted the order cannot be changed without written consent of all the contributors.
The journal prescribes a maximum number of authors for manuscripts depending upon the type of manuscript, its scope and number of institutions involved (vide infra). The authors should provide a justification, if the number of authors exceeds these limits.
Submission of Manuscripts:
The authors are requested to check the desired criteria for publication in AJMNS, so that we can conveniently proceed further without delay.
The authors should be submitted through e-mail or online (www.ajmns.com).
The guidelines are as follows.
- Authors should submit their works in Microsoft word format.
- Authors should send their work with proper cover letter. Click here.
- Authors publishing results from in vivo experiments involving animals or humans should state whether due permission for conduction of these experiments was obtained, from the relevant ethics committees, in the Materials and Methods section. In addition, authors wishing to publish research work involving human studies should also send a notary verified letter of approval from the Ethics Committee or the Institutional Review Board.
- Article should be written in Times New Roman font style with 12 point with single line space in A4 page layout.
- All the Tables and Figures are should be in proper place and the matter and tables should not be repeatable.
- The references should be as American Medical Association (AMA) style of referencing by citing at appropriate place in manuscript.
Manuscript should be divided into
Materials and Methods,
or Results and Discussion,
Conflict of interest,
The title page should contain the title of the manuscript, the name(s) and affiliation(s) of the author(s), and the mailing address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail address of the corresponding author.
The title should be specific and suitable to the topic of the article. Please avoid using abbreviations in the title and all species/botanical names should be represented in italics.
Title - ------(14 FONT SIZE, TIMES NEW ROMAN, NORMAL, BOLD, LINE SPACE 1, LESS THAN 120 CHARECTERS)
Authors - (12 FONT SIZE, TIMES NEW ROMAN, NORMAL, LINE SPACE 1)
Abstract and Keywords:
The abstract should be summarized about the content of the article and it should not exceed more than 300 words.
Please include 3-5 keywords for indexing purposes apart from title.
(11 Font size, Line space 1).
Headings of Manuscript:
- Materials and Methods,
- Discussion/ 3. Results and Discussion,
Introduction- It should summarize the rationale, provides a concise research background (not an exhaustive review) and states in single sentence the objective of the study. Please do not include any results or the conclusion of the study.
Materials and Methods- please provide concise but complete information about the materials and the analytical and statistical procedures used. This part should be as clear as possible to enable other scientists to repeat the research presented. Brand names and company locations should be supplied for all mentioned equipment, instruments, chemicals etc. All the ethical permission associated in the research work must be specified. Indicate the statistical methods used and identify statistical significance using superscripts (* and **) following the data (*P<0.05, **P<0.01).
Results- It should disclose about the findings of works and the same data or information given in the table must not be repeated in a figure and vice versa.
Discussion- It should be with the interpretation of the results and their comparison with those of other studies. No need to repeat the results, review literature, references that do not have a close relationship with the present result in the manuscript.
Conclusion – conclude the study connecting back to the aim of the study.
Abbreviations- At the first appearance in the abstract and the text, abbreviations should be preceded by words for which they stand.
Units and Symbols
Please follow International System of Units (SI Units) and symbols should be used while referring to alpha (α), beta (β), mu (µ), pi (π) etc.
Tables- Tables must be summarizing and cited consecutively using Arabic numerals in the text (Table 1, Table 2...etc.). The title of the table should clearly indicate the nature of the contents and sufficient detail should be included in the footnote to facilitate interpretation without reference to the text. Use horizontal lines only.
Table Format – It should be designed using table tools of MS Word and exactly same as below
Table 1. ---(Title-12 font size, times new roman, normal)
Change in body weight (unit)
Figures -Figures (photographs, drawings, diagrams and charts) should be clear, easily legible and cited consecutively using Arabic numerals in the text(fig. 1, fig. 2...etc.). Please supply figures 1.5 to 2 times the size at which they will be finally reproduced. For line work, submit black-ink drawings of professional quality. Micrographs or other glossy photographs must be of the highest quality. Use standard symbols: ○, ●, ×, □, ■, △, ▲. Freehand or typewritten lettering is unacceptable. If a figure comprises more than one glossy photograph, these should be marked A, B, C...etc. Figure legends should be marked clearly with their correspond letters. Legends should contain sufficient detail to permit figure interpretation without reference to the text. Scale markers should be indicated in the photographs. Color plates are also welcome. The choice of cover art illustration will be made by the Editor.
Figure format –
Fig. 1. ---(12 Font size, Times New Roman, Normal, Bold)
Manuscripts that fail to conform to the requirements of the Journal, as specified under 'Instructions to Authors', will be rejected outright.
It is expected that these articles would be written by individuals who have done substantial work on the subject or are considered experts in the field. A short summary of the work done by the contributor(s) in the field of review should accompany the manuscript.
The prescribed word count is up to 5000 words excluding tables, references and abstract. The manuscript may have about 100 references. The manuscript should have an unstructured Abstract (300 words) representing an accurate summary of the article. The section titles would depend upon the topic reviewed.
Authors submitting review article should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and synthesizing data. These methods should also be summarized in the abstract.
The journal expects the contributors to give post-publication updates on the subject of review. The update should be brief, covering the advances in the field after the publication of the article and should be sent as a letter to editor, as and when major development occurs in the field.
New, interesting and rare cases can be reported. They should be unique, describing a great diagnostic or therapeutic challenge and providing a learning point for the readers. Cases with clinical significance or implications will be given priority. These communications could be of up to 1500 words (excluding Abstract and references) and should have the following headings: Abstract (unstructured), Key-words, Introduction, Case report, Discussion, Reference, Tables and Legends in that order.
The manuscript could be of up to 1500 words (excluding references and abstract) and could be supported with up to 40 references.
Letter to the Editor:
These should be short and decisive observations. They should preferably be related to articles previously published in the Journal or views expressed in the journal. They should not be preliminary observations that need a later paper for validation. The letter could have up to 500 words and 5 references. It could be generally authored by not more than four authors.
The image challenges are not unintended to clinical case reports and up to three authors are credited for image submissions (not more than 1000 words excluding references).
The submitting images should be original content that has not been submitted or published elsewhere.
The image must be high resolution and quality.
Prepare the image and description in two separate files for submission and it should be free from any personal information of patients.
The images are to be in two versions i.e. with and without identification arrows. The description should be clearly informative about the image (1000 words).
Clinical vignettes are descriptive type of patient related cases and scenarios that educate the readers about unusual diseases.
The picked cases should be described as good illustration, point to point diagnosis, management or therapeutic decision within 1000 words excluding references.
Clinical vignettes are credited up to three authors.
The title should be descriptive about the case. Not include any diagnosis in title.
Briefly describe learning objectives that include the patients' presentation about the case and key points regarding diagnosis and treatment.
Discuss about the key learning point from the case problem and treatment from your (Authors') end.
Editorial, Guest Editorial, Commentary and Opinion are solicited by the editorial board.
References should be cited in the text by the last name(s) of the author(s) and year of publication with a comma between them: for example, (Knott, 1987).
For citation of references with 2 or more authors, only the first author’s name followed by et al., (italicized) should be used: (TM Rao et al., 2018).
If there is more than one reference in the same year for the same author, please add the letters a, b, etc. to the year: (Samson et al., 2004a, 2004b).
References should be listed in the text chronologically, separated by semicolons: (Battu, 2006; Elizibath et al., 2008; Mallikarjuna Rao et al., 2011; 2012; James et al., 2014a, 2014b).
Do not include personal communications, unpublished data, websites, or other unpublished materials as references, although such material may be inserted (in parentheses) in the text.
In the case of publications in languages other than English, the published English title should be provided if one exists, with an annotation such as “(article in Spanish with an abstract in English)”.
References should be listed alphabetically at the end of the text without numbering.
All authors should be included in reference lists unless there are 3 or more, in which case only the first 3 should be given, followed by ‘et al.,’.
The manuscript should be checked carefully to ensure that the spellings of the authors’ names and the years are exactly the same in the text as given in the reference list.
References should be formatted as follows:
Gradishar WJ. Taxanes for the treatment of metastatic breast cancer. Breast Cancer (Auckl.). 2012; 6: 159-171.
Andre F, Zielinski CC. Optimal strategies for the treatment of metastatic triple-negative breast cancer with currently approved agents. Ann Oncol. 2012; 23(Suppl 2): vi46-vi51.
Sofowora A, Ogunbodede E, Onayade A. The role and place of medicinal plants in the strategies for disease prevention. Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2013; 10(5): 210–229.
Farnsworth NR, Akerele O, Bingel AS et al., Medicinal plants in therapy. Bull World Health Organ. 1985; 63(6): 965–981.
Olsen, Gregg, and Rebecca Morris. If I Can’t Have You: Susan Powell, Her Mysterious Disappearance, and the Murder of Her Children. St. Martin’s True Crime, 2015, pp. 18-22.
Chapters in books
Montrose, Louis. “Elizabeth Through the Looking Glass: Picturing the Queen’s Two Bodies.” The Body of the Queen: Gender and Rule in the Courtly World, 1500-2000, edited by Regina Schulte, Berghahn, 2006, pp. 61-87.
Cite an E-Book Found on a Web Site or Database
Poe, Edgar Allan. “The Gold Bug.” Short Stories for English Courses, Edited by Rosa M.R. Mikels, 2004. Project Gutenberg, www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/5403/pg5403-images.html.
Praneeth Dasari, V S. Phytopharmacological investigation on Elephantopus scaber l, Celosia argentea l and Catharanthus pusillus Murray G Don. 2013. Andhra University, PhD Dissertation, Department of Botany. http://hdl.handle.net/10603/28822.
The journal publishes exciting findings, preliminary data or studies that did not yield enough information to make a full paper as short communications. These have the same format requirements as full papers but are only up to 6 pages in length. Short Communications should not have subtitles such as Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion - all these have to be merged into the running text. Short Communications preferably should have only 3-4 illustrations.
Should be about 20 pages long, contain up-to-date information, comprehensively cover relevant literature and preferably be written by scientists who have in-depth knowledge on the topic. All format requirements are same as those applicable to full papers. Review articles need not be divided into sections such as Materials and Methods and Results and Discussion, but should definitely have an Abstract and Introduction, if necessary.
Conflict of Interest statement
It must be declared by authors.
The authors have to submit the copyright form at the submission of manuscript or after the acceptance of the manuscript. Click here.
Submissions are completely judged by the Editorial Board of AJMNS and are subject to an external using the double-blind peer review process whereby the reviewers of the paper won’t get to know the identity of the author(s), and the author(s) won’t get to know the identity of the reviewer.
Revised version submission:
After complete peer-review the manuscript will be send to authors for revision with reviewer's/Editors' comments. The revised manuscript should be submit through mail or online as submission of the manuscript for the first time.
While submitting a revised manuscript, authors are requested to include, the ‘reviewers'’ remarks along with point to point clarification as separate revised file for comments. In addition, they are expected to mark the changes as underlined or colored text in the article.
Journal provides the gallery-proof for final corrections after the acceptances of the articles to publish. Journal did not provide any hard copies, because the journal follows the Open-access policy.
Open access policy:
AJMNS offer the immediate open access of the published articles to the public for global exchange of knowledge which permits its users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link. To know more about open access (http://opcit.eprints.org/oacitation-biblio.html).
All the articles are published in AJMNS are under Creative Commons License. Any further distribution or use of content published under CC BY 4.0 must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article’s title, journal citation.
The journal publishes articles on its website immediately on acceptance and follows a ‘continuous publication’ schedule (Three issues per year currently).
The journal does not charge for submission and processing of the manuscripts.
Errata and Corrections In Published Articles
Authors and readers are encouraged to notify the Editor-in-Chief if they find errors in published content, authors’ names and affiliations or if they have reasons for concern over the legitimacy of a publication. In such cases, the journal will publish an ERRATUM in consultation with Editor-in-Chief and authors of the article, and/or replace or retract the article.
AJMNS encourages readers and authors to notify them if they find errors, especially errors that could affect the interpretation of data or information presented in an article
AJMNS is an open access journal, free to access, read and print for published articles. There is no submission, review charges for authors. However, the AJMNS charges nominal publishing charges only for accepted articles after peer-review process for maintaining the content online, outsourcing facilities (tools) and resources towards publication of the article. The publication charges as follows:
Researcharticles, Short-Communications, CaseReports, clinical vignettes, Image challenge -
For authors from underdeveloped or developing countries: 49 USD
For authors from developed countries: 99 USD
For authors from underdeveloped or developing countries: 75 USD
For authors from developed countries: 149 USD
In some unusual circumstances, consideration for publication free of charge is given on a case-by-case basis.